Most Downloaded Free eBooks in Philosophy - Movements

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release date: Jul 18, 2017
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Walden (AmazonClassics Edition)

At Walden Pond, Henry David Thoreau reflected on simpler living in the natural world. By removing himself from the distractions of materialism, Thoreau hoped to not only improve his spiritual life but also gain a better understanding of society through solitary introspection.

In Walden, Thoreau condenses his two-year, two-month, two-day stay into a single year, using the four seasons to symbolize human development—a cycle of life shared by both nature and man. A celebration of personal renewal through self-reliance, independence, and simplicity, composed for all of us living in “quiet desperation,” Walden is eternal.

Revised edition: Previously published as Walden, this edition of Walden (AmazonClassics Edition) includes editorial revisions.

release date: Nov 18, 2017
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Common Sense
Common Sense is the timeless classic that inspired the Thirteen Colonies to fight for and declare their independence from Great Britain in the summer of 1776. Written by famed political theorist Thomas Paine, this pamphlet boldly challenged the authority of the British government and the royal monarchy to rule over the American colonists. By using plain language and a reasoned style, Paine chose to forego the philosophical and Latin references made popular by the Enlightenment era writers. As a result, Paine united average citizens and political leaders behind the central idea of independence and transformed the tenor of the colonists’ argument against the British. As the best-selling American title of all time, Common Sense has been eloquently described by historian Gordon S. Wood as "the most incendiary and popular pamphlet of the entire revolutionary era."

Thomas Paine (1737–1809) was an English-American political activist, philosopher, and revolutionary. As one of the Founding Fathers of the United States, he authored the most influential pamphlets at the start of the American Revolution and inspired the colonists to declare independence from Great Britain in 1776. His ideas reflected Enlightenment-era rhetoric of transnational human rights and the separation of church and state. He has been called a corset-maker by trade, a journalist by profession, and a propagandist by inclination.
release date: Nov 07, 2017
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Self-Reliance and Other Essays (AmazonClassics Edition)

In this definitive collection of essays, including the poignant title essay “Self-Reliance,” Ralph Waldo Emerson expounds on the importance of trusting your soul, as well as divine providence, to carve out a life. A firm believer in nonconformity, Emerson celebrates the individual and stresses the value of listening to the inner voice unique to each of us—even when it defies society’s expectations.

Self-Reliance and Other Essays is the perfect companion for those who have marched to the beat of a different drummer and wish to better understand the transcendentalist leader’s groundbreaking philosophy to find personal fulfillment.

AmazonClassics brings you timeless works from iconic authors. Ideal for anyone who wants to read a great work for the first time or revisit an old favorite, these new editions open the door to the stories and ideas that have shaped our world.

Revised edition: Previously published as Self-Reliance and Other Essays, this edition of Self-Reliance and Other Essays (AmazonClassics Edition) includes editorial revisions.

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release date: Mar 01, 2016
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Stoic Six Pack 8 – The Peripatetics: Lyco of Troas, Aristotelian Proportion, Strato of Lampsacus, Life of Aristotle, Theophrastus and Post-Aristotle: The Stoics (Illustrated)
“Happiness depends upon ourselves.”
- Aristotle.

Just as the Stoics were named for the stoa or porch in Athens where they congregated, the Peripatetic school - known in its day simply as the Peripatos - took its moniker from the peripatoi or covered walkways of the Lyceum where its members met. (A similar Greek word peripatetikos refers to the act of walking, and after Aristotle's death, a legend arose that he was a ‘peripatetic’ lecturer – that he walked about as he taught). The Peripatetic school of philosophy dates from around 335 BCE when Aristotle began teaching. It was an informal institution whose members conducted philosophical and scientific inquiries.

Whereas Plato had sought to explain things with his theory of Forms, Aristotle preferred to start from the facts given by experience. Philosophy to him meant science, and its aim was the recognition of the why in all things. Among the members of the school in Aristotle's time were Phanias of Eresus, Eudemus of Rhodes, Clytus of Miletus, Aristoxenus, and Dicaearchus. After his death, Aristotle's successors Theophrastus and Strato continued leading the school but the school fell into a decline by the end of the 3rd century BCE.

Stoic Six Pack 8 – The Peripatetics

Lyco of Troas by Diogenes Laërtius.
The Aristotelian Sense of Proportion by William De Witt Hyde.
Strato of Lampsacus by Diogenes Laërtius.
Life of Aristotle by George Grote.
Theophrastus by George Malcolm Stratton.
Post-Aristotelian Philosophy: The Stoics by Alexander Grant.

Includes introduction by Elbert Hubbard and image gallery.
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release date: Jan 23, 2016
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WALDEN or Life in the Woods (Wisehouse Classics Edition)
WALDEN or, Life in the Woods, by noted transcendentalist Henry David Thoreau, is a reflection upon simple living in natural surroundings. The work is part personal declaration of independence, social experiment, voyage of spiritual discovery, satire, and manual for self-reliance. First published in 1854, it details Thoreau's experiences over the course of two years, two months, and two days in a cabin he built near Walden Pond, amidst woodland owned by his friend and mentor Ralph Waldo Emerson, near Concord, Massachusetts. The book compresses the time into a single calendar year and uses passages of four seasons to symbolize human development.


By immersing himself in nature, Thoreau hoped to gain a more objective understanding of society through personal introspection. Simple living and self-sufficiency were Thoreau's other goals, and the whole project was inspired by transcendentalist philosophy, a central theme of the American Romantic Period. As Thoreau made clear in his book, his cabin was not in wilderness but at the edge of town, about two miles (3 km) from his family home. (more on: www.wisehouse-classics.com)
release date: Nov 18, 2017
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The Age of Reason
"The Age of Reason" is an influential work by Thomas Paine that follows in the tradition of eighteenth-century British deism, and challenges institutionalized religion and the legitimacy of the Bible. It presents common deistic arguments; for example, it highlights what Paine saw as corruption of the Christian Church and criticizes its efforts to acquire political power. Paine advocates reason in the place of revelation, leading him to reject miracles and to view the Bible as "an ordinary piece of literature rather than as a divinely inspired text". It promotes natural religion and argues for the existence of a creator-God. The Age of Reason is divided into three sections. In Part I, Paine outlines his major arguments and personal creed. In Parts II and III he analyzes specific portions of the Bible in order to demonstrate that it is not the revealed word of God. Most of Paine's arguments had long been available to the educated elite, but by presenting them in an engaging and irreverent style, he made deism appealing and accessible to a mass audience.
Thomas Paine (1737-1809) was an English-American political activist, philosopher, political theorist, and revolutionary. One of the Founding Fathers of the United States, he authored the two most influential pamphlets at the start of the American Revolution, and he inspired the rebels in 1776 to declare independence from Britain. Paine's ideas reflected Enlightenment-era rhetoric of transnational human rights.
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release date: Mar 06, 2012
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Hegel's Philosophy of Mind
This book was converted from its physical edition to the digital format by a community of volunteers. You may find it for free on the web. Purchase of the Kindle edition includes wireless delivery.
release date: Sep 12, 2017
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On Liberty (AmazonClassics Edition)

A celebration of individuality, diversity, and nonconformity, On Liberty still makes a persuasive argument for what John Stuart Mill believed to be humankind’s essential liberties: the freedoms of speech, assembly, and the pursuit of pleasure, so long as one’s actions do not impede the liberty of another. These freedoms, he maintained, result in a far more successful society than one ruled by the tyranny of the majority.

An exploration of the limits of government over the individual, this treatise on personal liberty has inspired debate since its publication in 1859, and has provided the foundation for modern liberal political thought.

AmazonClassics brings you timeless works from iconic authors. Ideal for anyone who wants to read a great work for the first time or revisit an old favorite, these new editions open the door to the stories and ideas that have shaped our world.

Revised edition: Previously published as On Liberty, this edition of On Liberty (AmazonClassics Edition) includes editorial revisions.

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release date: Nov 27, 2011
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Human, All Too Human A Book for Free Spirits
This book was converted from its physical edition to the digital format by a community of volunteers. You may find it for free on the web. Purchase of the Kindle edition includes wireless delivery.
release date: May 17, 2012
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Utilitarianism
This book was converted from its physical edition to the digital format by a community of volunteers. You may find it for free on the web. Purchase of the Kindle edition includes wireless delivery.
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