New Release Books by Angelsen

Angelsen is the author of Transforming REDD+ (2018), Results-based payments for REDD+: Lessons on finance, performance, and non-carbon benefits (2016), REDD credits in a global carbon market (2014), Forest Cover Change in Space and Time (2007) and other 14 books.

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18 results found

Transforming REDD+

release date: Dec 12, 2018
Transforming REDD+
Constructive critique. This book provides a critical, evidence-based analysis of REDD+ implementation so far, without losing sight of the urgent need to reduce forest-based emissions to prevent catastrophic climate change. REDD+ as envisioned

Results-based payments for REDD+: Lessons on finance, performance, and non-carbon benefits

release date: May 16, 2016

REDD credits in a global carbon market

REDD credits in a global carbon market
How can REDD credits be included in a future global carbon market, and what are the impacts of inclusion? We analyze ten different scenarios through 2020, varying the global emission caps and the REDD rules. An inclusion of REDD credits without any adjustments in the global cap will lower carbon prices significantly and cause crowding out. The cap must move towards the 2 degrees climate target if REDD inclusion is to maintain high carbon prices and strong incentives for emissions reductions in other sectors. At the same time, reaching the 2 degree target without full REDD inclusion will increase global mitigation costs by more than 50%.

Forest Cover Change in Space and Time

release date: Jan 01, 2007
Forest Cover Change in Space and Time
This paper presents a framework for analyzing tropical deforestation and reforestation using the von Thunen model as its starting point: land is allocated to the use which yields the highest rent, and the rents of various land uses are determined by location. Forest cover change therefore becomes a question of changes in rent of forest versus non-forest use. While this is a simple and powerful starting point, more intriguing issues arise when this is applied to analyze real cases. An initial shift in the rent of one particular land use generates feedbacks which affect the rent of all land uses. For example, a new technology in extensive agriculture should make this land use more profitable and lead to more forest clearing, but general equilibrium effects (changes in prices and local wages) can modify or even reverse this conclusion. Another issue is how a policy change or a shift in broader market, technological, and institutional forces will affect various land use rents. The paper deals with three such areas: technological progress in agriculture, land tenure regimes, and community forest management. The second part of the paper links the von Thunen framework to the forest transition theory. The forest transition theory describes a sequence over time where a forested region goes through a period of deforestation before the forest cover eventually stabilizes and starts to increase. This sequence can be seen as a systematic pattern of change in the agricultural and forest land rents over time. Increasing agricultural rent leads to high rates of deforestation. The slow-down of deforestation and eventual reforestation is due to lower agricultural rents (the economic development path) and higher forest rent (the forest scarcity path). Various forces leading to these changes are discussed and supported by empirical evidence from different tropical regions.

Exploring the Forest

release date: Jan 01, 2003

Contributing to the Scientific Literature

release date: Jan 01, 2005

Managing the Miombo Woodlands of Southern Africa

release date: Nov 01, 2011
Managing the Miombo Woodlands of Southern Africa
This study explores policies, incentives and options for the rural poor who depend on the miombo woodlands of Southern Africa. Because of the important role of forests as social safety nets, planners must keep in mind the cost of deforestation and degradation to rural populations.

Economic Models of Tropical Deforestation: A Review

release date: Jan 01, 1998
Economic Models of Tropical Deforestation: A Review
Types of economic deforestation models. Household and firm-level models. Regional-level models. National and macro-level models. Priority areas for future research.

State-local Community Games of Forest Land Appropriation

release date: Jan 01, 1997
State-local Community Games of Forest Land Appropriation
"This paper explores possible strategic interactions between the state and local community in games of tropical forest land appropriation. Two key questions are addressed. First, how does the structure of the game influence the extent of deforestation? Second, under which circumstances does higher forest appropriation by the state promote local deforestation? Three different cases are discussed, corresponding to a development over time towards increased forest land competition and integration of the local community into the national economy. Particular attention is given to the assumptions made about the local economy and the local costs of state deforestation. The local response to more state appropriation depends critically on these assumptions, and less on the structure of the game (Cournot or Stackelberg). The state will fuel local deforestation if state deforestation is associated with provision of infrastructure (roads) which reduces the local costs of agricultural expansion, or if the local economy is isolated (autarky) and local behaviour is determined by survival needs rather than income maximization."--t.p.verso.

Doppler Ultrasound in Cardiology

release date: Jan 01, 1985

Menganalisis REDD+ Sejumlah tantangan dan pilihan

Menganalisis REDD+ Sejumlah tantangan dan pilihan
Sebagai sebuah gagasan, REDD+ adalah cerita sukses: sebuah pendekatan baru yang membangkitkan harapan bagi penggalangan dana berbasiskan hasil untuk menindaklanjuti kebutuhan mendesak dalam mitigasi perubahan iklim. Gagasan ini cukup luas untuk menjadi sebuah tajuk pohon, untuk memayungi sejumlah besar pelaku di bawahnya untuk menumbuhkan pohon mereka sendiri. REDD+ menghadapi berbagai tantangan besar: Sejumlah kepentingan politik dan ekonomi yang kuat mendukung deforestasi dan degradasi yang berlanjut. Karena itu, implementasinya harus dikoordinasikan antara berbagai tingkat pemerintahan dan lembaga; manfaatnya harus disalurkan dengan menyeimbangkan keefektifan dan kesetaraan; ketidakpastian kepemilikan lahan (tenurial) dan jaringan pengamannya harus ditangani sungguh-sungguh; serta institusi yang transparan, pemantauan karbon yang dapat diandalkan dan tingkat acuan yang realistis, semuanya dibutuhkan untuk mendukung berbagai sistem berbasiskan hasil. REDD+ membutuhkan – dan dapat menjadi katalisator – perubahan transformatif: Insentif ekonomi yang baru, informasi dan wacana yang baru, berbagai pelaku dan koalisi kebijakan yang baru berpotensi untuk menggeser kebijakan domestik agar menjauh dari jalur bisnis seperti biasa. Proyek-proyek REDD+ bersifat gabungan di kawasan-kawasan yang tingkat deforestasinya tinggi: Para pengusul proyek mengusahakan strategi yang menggabungkan penegakan peraturan dan mendukung mata pencaharian alternatif (ICDP) dengan sejumlah insentif yang berbasiskan hasil (PES). Proyek-proyek cenderung berlokasi di kawasan-kawasan yang tingkat deforestasinya tinggi dan nilai karbonnya besar, sehingga menghasilkan nilai tambahan yang tinggi jika mereka berhasil. Ada pilihan kebijakan ‘tanpa penyesalan’: Meskipun ada ketidakpastian tentang masa depan REDD+, para pemangku kepentingan perlu membangun dukungan dan koalisi politik untuk melakukan perubahan, melakukan investasi dalam sistem informasi yang memadai, serta melaksanakan kebijakan yang dapat mengurangi deforestasi dan degradasi hutan, yang semuanya tetap diinginkan terlepas dari tujuan-tujuan untuk mengatasi persoalan iklim.

Environmental Reliance, Climate Exposure, and Vulnerability

release date: Jan 01, 2015
Environmental Reliance, Climate Exposure, and Vulnerability
This paper analyzes environmental reliance, poverty, and climate vulnerability among more than 7,300 households in forest adjacent communities in 24 developing countries. The data are from the detailed, quarterly income recording done by the Poverty Environment Network project. Observed income is combined with predicted income (based on households' assets and other characteristics) to create four categories of households: income and asset poor (structurally poor), income rich and asset poor (stochastically non-poor), income poor and asset rich (stochastically poor), and income and asset rich (structurally non-poor). The income and asset poor generate 29 percent of their income from environmental resources, more than the other three categories. The income poor are more exposed to extreme and variable climate conditions. They tend to live in dryer (and hotter) villages in the dry forest zones, in wetter villages in the wet zones, and experience larger rainfall fluctuations. Among the self-reported income-generating responses to income shocks, extracting more environmental resources ranks second to seeking wage labor. Given high reliance on forest and other environmental resources, a concerning finding is that, in the Africa subsample (dominated by dry forests), the rate of forest loss is more than four times higher for the income & asset poor compared with the income & asset rich. Special attention should be given to the poorest households in dry areas, predominantly in Africa. They are (already) exposed to more extreme climate conditions, they suffer the highest forest loss, and the forest benefits are at risk in global warming scenarios.

Contributing to the Scientific Literature Citation Analysis of CIFOR Publications

release date: Jan 01, 2012
Contributing to the Scientific Literature Citation Analysis of CIFOR Publications
The Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) receives its major funding from governments, international development organizations, private foundations and regional organizations. This study analyzed journal citations of CIFOR publications, using the International Statistical Institute (ISI) web of Science database. CIFOR research and publications have an impact on the scientific community? One way to answer this question is by counting citations of CIFOR publications in academic journals. Citation counting is commonly used 'to assess the academic performance of individual researchers, departments and research institutions when making decisions about funding, hiring, promotion and tenure In the present study we used the citation database of the ISI web of Science. This includes all the major journals, and is the most complete database for this purpose. It includes citations of all types of publication, but only those appearing in journal articles. Thus, a journal article citing a CIFOR Occasional Paper (OP) is registered, while the citation of a journal article in a CIFOR OP is not. An important constraint on this exercise was the fact that accumulating citations takes time. Thus, nine of the top ten publications are from 1998 or earlier. In other words, it is too early to assess the scientific impact of publications from the last 4-5 years. The statistical work was carried out in June-July 2004. The number of citations increases weekly and this report shows the status as at mid- June 2004.

Ultrasound Imaging

release date: Jan 01, 2000

Ultrasound imaging : waves, signals, and signal processing. 2. Propagation and scattering in heterogeneous, nonlinear tissue with contrast agent imaging and Doppler measurements

release date: Jan 01, 2000

Analog Estimation of the Maximum Frequency of Doppler Spectra in Ultrasonic Blood Velocity Measurements

18 results found


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