New Release Books by Ariel Kalil

Ariel Kalil is the author of Mothers' Work and Children's Lives (2010), How Teenage Mothers are Faring Under Welfare Reform (2001), Family Resilience and Good Child Outcomes (2003) and Effects of Maternal Work Incentives on Adolescent Social Behaviors (2019).

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4 results found

Mothers' Work and Children's Lives

release date: Jan 01, 2010
Mothers' Work and Children's Lives
This book examines the effects of work requirements imposed by welfare reform on low-income women and their families. The authors pay particular attention to the nature of work, whether it is stable or unstable, the number of hours worked in a week, and regularity and flexibility of work schedules. They also show how these factors make it more difficult for low-income women to balance work and family requirements.

How Teenage Mothers are Faring Under Welfare Reform

release date: Jan 01, 2001

Effects of Maternal Work Incentives on Adolescent Social Behaviors

release date: Jan 01, 2019
Effects of Maternal Work Incentives on Adolescent Social Behaviors
This study exploits variations in the timing of welfare reform implementation in the U.S. in the 1990s to identify plausibly causal effects of welfare reform on a range of social behaviors of the next generation as they transition to adulthood. We focus on behaviors that are important for socioeconomic and health trajectories, estimate effects by gender, and explore potentially mediating factors. Welfare reform had no favorable effects on any of the youth behaviors examined and led to decreased volunteering among girls, increases in skipping school, damaging property, and fighting among boys, and increases in smoking and drug use among both boys and girls, with larger effects for boys (e.g., ~6% for boys compared to 4% for girls for any substance use). Maternal employment, supervision, and child’s employment explain little of the effects. Overall, the intergenerational effects of welfare reform on adolescent behaviors were unfavorable, particularly for boys, and do not support longstanding arguments that limiting cash assistance leads to responsible behavior in the next generation. As such, the favorable effects of welfare reform for women may have come at a cost to the next generation, particularly to boys who have been falling behind girls in high school completion for decades.
4 results found


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